Ceramic Bearings

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Ceramic Bearings models
Ceramic Bearings

We have 2 types of ceramic bearing, hybrid ceramic bearing and full ceramic bearing, the hybrid ceramic bearing has steel inner and outer rings with ceramic balls, as for the full ceramic bearing; the inner, outer rings and the balls are made of ceramic. There are many kinds of ceramic materials, the most common ceramic materials are Si3N4 that stands for the silicon nitride ceramic material and is black colored, SiC stands for the silicon carbide material and also is black colored. and the ZrO2 that stands for the zirconium dioxide, also known as zirconia or zirconium oxide, they are white colored, a ZrO2 ball looks exactly like a pearl. the ceramic material is not stronger than steel, but ceramic bearing are lighter and have lower friction than steel, that makes ceramic bearing go faster with lower heat generated.

Ceramic bearing features:
1) essentially increased life time
2) high stiffness because of high Young’s modulus,lower vibration
3) wear resistance and cost effective lubrication
4) electrical insulation and non-magnetism
5) high temperature resistance up to 1000oC
6) high corrosion resistance to most acids and alkalies

Si3N4 material ceramic bearings:
Silicon Nitride (Si3N4) Ceramic Bearings are suitable for applications where high loads, high speeds and extreme temeratures are factors. Long life and the need for minimal lubrication make this material appropriate for extreme applications. Silicon Nitirde is non-porous, non-magentic, non corrosive and lighter than steel. In ball form, ceramic balls are also harder than steel and because ceramic balls are non-porous they are virtually frictionless. and capable of spinning faster than steel balls. Maximum useful temperature of Silicon Nitirde is 2552°F or 1400°C.

ZrO2 material ceramic bearings:
Zirconia is inert to corrosive materials, with the exception of hydrofloric acid and hot concentrated sulfuric acid. Zirconia is lighter than steel, non-magentic and has a maximum useful temperature of 400°C.

Comparision for ceramic bearing VS Chrome steel bearing:
Item Bearing Steel Ceramics (SI3N4) Characteristics of Ceramic 
Density (g/m?) 7.8 3.2 Higher Speed
Decreased centrifugal force
Reduced Ball Skidding
Lower Operating Temperature
Less wear
Less Friction
Heat Resistance (ºC) 180 800 Maintains stability at high 
Coefficient of linear thermal expansion (1/ºC) 12.5 X 10?6 3.2 X 10?6 Minimal Ball Deformation
Lower operating Temperature
Stable Running Preload
Reduced Contact Angle Change
Vicker's Hardness (HV) 700~800 1400~1700 Reduced Ball/Race Contact Area
Minimum Ball Deformation
Less Friction
More Rigid
Less Wear
Lower Operating Temperature
Young's Modulus (Gpa) 206 314
Poisson's Ratio .30 .29
Magnetism Ferromagnetic Non-Magnetic Reduced Torque in Strong Magnetic Field
Conductivity Conductive Non-Conductive No Electrical Arcing Through Balls
Less Wear
Reduced Race Way Pitting and 
Corrosion Resistance Not Good Excellent Less Wear
Harsh Environment Durability
Longer Life

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